Road bike vs Touring Bike: the Buyer’s Guide in 2022

For those seeking a new road bike that can be used for both riding and maybe light touring, you could be interested in either a road or a touring bike, depending on your needs and preferences for riding. 

It can be challenging to tell the difference between the two models because they appear quite similar in appearance. However, there is a slight distinction between the two in that they are created for various reasons and accomplish different duties. 

Reading this tutorial will teach you all you need to know about the differences between a road bike and a touring bike. But before then, let’s define each of the models and evaluate what each is best suited for.

What is a Road Bike?

Road bikes are developed mainly for lightness and rigidity. These bicycles are the most efficient mode of transportation to and from work or to run errands around the house. On the other hand, road bikes are not the most comfortable bicycles. Instead, they are built for efficiency and speed on tarmac.

Road bikes are typically constructed of aluminum, making them lightweight and aerodynamic, and unforgiving on rough roads.

What is a Touring Bike?

Touring bicycles are designed for long-distance travel in comfort and with steadiness. These bikes are relatively large and heavy, but the weight penalty is more than offset by their tough durability. Although you may come across touring bikes made of various materials, steel is the most prevalent metal used in constructing this kind of bicycle.

Sources: photo from online

What Are Road Bikes And Touring Bikes Made For?

Road bikes are built for smooth riding on various pavements, from minor cycling routes to freeways. With an aerodynamic frame and lightweight, these bikes can be rode speedily. 

Although not all bicycles are created for racing - the superb road bicycles, for example, have a more excellent geometry for convenience - they are usually meant to be quick and efficient, regardless of their purpose. Their low and aerodynamic riding posture is made possible by their shorter stack, drop bars , and small tires.

On the other hand, Touring bikes are built specifically for what their name implies: touring. Its heftier frames are designed to handle rough roads, and it is covered with additional mounts for extras like racks, water bottles, mudguards, bags, and lights. 

Its heavier frames are also designed to survive lengthy cargo hauls. If descending speedily with 10kg of additional baggage pulling down the frame, powerful disc brakes are located in the middle of each wheel, nearly needing stopping power. Its wide tires provide more road cushioning, while its aerodynamically designed frame offers increased comfort at the expense of aerodynamic efficiency.

Road Bike vs. Touring Bike

The following characteristics distinguish a road bike from a touring bike:

Gears and Brakes

Gears and brakes are some of the areas where road and touring bikes share similarities. A 2x configuration, referring to the number of front chainrings on most road bikes and touring cycles, is standard on most road bikes and touring bikes. The most popular road configuration is a 50/34t, with each number denoting the number of teeth on the chainring in the rear derailleurs. Many road riders will use a chain-set with 53/39 or 52/36 teeth at the front, with even larger configurations being available. The more teeth at the front, the "bigger" the gear and the more difficult it is to pedal.

The majority of road bicycles are equipped with an 11-speed rear cassette with gears ranging from 11t to 28t. This is sufficient gearing for many bikers to sprint at 55km/h while also surviving hills with a seven-percent incline. Climbers and riders who want to tackle more challenging steeper gradients will opt for larger cassettes, such as an 11-32 because the larger 32-tooth sprocket at the back requires less effort to turn.

Touring bicycles feature gearing configurations that are comparable to road bicycles. A touring bike's average ride speed will be significantly lower than a road bike because of the substantially heavier frame and luggage you will be hauling around with you on the ride. As a result, many touring cyclists choose a small crankset with a lot of simple climbing gears to help them conquer even the steepest slopes.

Sources: photo from online

Frame Geometry

Road and touring cycles have differing geometries, which allows them to go faster and perform better in various settings. Road bikes feature higher head tubes, which contribute to the overall speed of the bicycle.

Additionally, lower bottom brackets enhance the bike's geometry and make it more stable while riding at high speeds. With a bent handlebar, road bikes allow riders to maintain proper posture when riding at a high rate of speed on the road.

Touring bikes have a slack head tube angle, long chainstays, a high trail number, a low bottom bracket, and a long wheelbase, among other characteristics. Riders can go on a lengthy journey with any piece of equipment since every portion of the touring section has some function that assists them.

Sources: photo from online

Wheels and Tires

Road bikes could only be equipped with slick and narrow tires in the past, but as riders' desire to go off-road grows, bicycle producers have altered their frames to accommodate a broader range of wheel and tire combinations, including the finest road bike tires and best road bike wheels. Road cyclists may pick from several tire configurations like clinchers or tubes and tires ranging from 21-38mm in width.

Traditionally, a road bike configuration typically consists of slick tires of 25mm or 28mm in diameter that is inflated to 70-90psi; many riders have started experimenting with lower-pressure settings for riding in rainy weather.

When it comes to road tires, slicks or semi-slicks are often used, implying that they have minimal tread or grooves on the surface of the tire's tread. Because tread is designed to grip the ground, having less of it reduces rolling resistance and makes it simpler to keep a constant pace. Alternatively, the heavier (or thicker) tread is used for off-road riding in conditions such as mud, dirt, sand, or gravel.

In contrast to road cycles, touring bikes can have significantly larger tires with thicker tread, while road bikes are frequently narrow and slippery. Even if you're sticking on paved roads, you'll want a wider tire for touring because of the additional weight of your bike and baggage, as well as to reduce the likelihood of getting a puncture while on the road.

Touring bicycles, in particular, have tires that are 32-45mm wide on the outside. Wider tires are often operated at lower pressures, too, with a 38mm tire, requiring 45psi to handle most successfully. Tubeless tires are used on most touring bicycles these days because they are durable, puncture-resistant, and allow for far lower tire pressures than clincher tires.

Sources: photo from online

Handlebars

Drop handlebars are used on road cycles, with brake levers and shift integrated into a single mechanism that is installed at the beginning of the curve of each drop, resulting in a hand-rest position that is level with the surface of the road. Road cyclists commonly employ this 'hoods' hand position the most common; the tops are used for ascending, while the drops are used for time trialing, sprinting, cornering, and descending, respectively.

Drop bars are standard on touring cycles, even if they aren't in the typical road-style configuration. They're more similar to the best gravel handlebars than the best road handlebars, with a broader overall width and, in some cases, a flare of the drops that directs the drops outward from the rider. These flared handlebars give a low and broad grip for use on bumpy roads, steep descents, or just to modify the position of your hands. Because you will be in the saddle for many hours or perhaps days at a time, comfort and pressure relief should be high on your priority list.

There is no universal design of touring bike handlebars, with many bikers choosing various styles ranging from flared drops and butterfly handlebars to flat bars and everything in between to accommodate their riding style. Drop bars are often considered the quickest and most aggressive handlebar for a touring bike, while flat bars are considered the most easygoing. Experienced riders may prefer drop bars, while novices should stick with flat bars.

Another point of distinction in this region is how gears are changed. It is usual practice to have combined shifting and braking levers when it comes to road bikes. However, specific touring cycles have friction shifters situated either on the bar ends or near the stem. Index shifting, which is currently present on almost all road bikes, refers to how a gear cable pushes on the derailleur, with one click of the shifter equivalent to one change in gear. Index shifting is a transmission that uses a gear cable to pull on the derailleur.

On the other hand, Friction shifters are not configured in this manner. Alternatively, they provide a more fluid movement, requiring you to pull a lever until the chain moves into position. It takes some getting used to, but it makes maintenance and repairs on the road lot more straightforward in the long run.

Sources: photo from online

Accessories

One of the most significant distinctions between road bikes and touring bikes is the abundance of accessory attachments that can be found on the frames of touring bikes. Because road bikes are designed to be sleek, lightweight, and aerodynamic, carbon frames often have a restricted number of accessory attachments. In contrast, there are typical attachments on the fork, frame, and seat stays of a touring bike for the best bike lights, mudguards, luggage racks, water bottles, and other accessories.

How to choose

Although both road bikes and touring cycles are meant for lengthy road rides, the difference is that one is made for speed and the other for comfort. Road bikes are designed to be fast in a straight line, quick around turns, and fast up mountains. They are lightweight and aerodynamic, and there is a minimal capacity for equipment onboard these aircraft. Some road bikes are not the most pleasant to ride for extended periods; nonetheless, they are the quickest and most competent when it comes to road racing and club rides on the open road.

Touring bicycles are meant for long rides, bikepacking adventures, and casual bike tours, among other activities. They can survive a broad range of challenging terrain because of their sturdy steel frames and robust tires. They feature enough storage space for equipment and baggage, so you won't have to worry about towing a trailer for your overnight excursion. Long-distance touring bikes maybe a little too heavy-duty for short commutes or city riding, but they are ideal for longer journeys in inclement weather. They won't be as speedy as a road bike on the climb, but they will carry your baggage, protect you from flat tires, and let you maintain an upright, steady, and comfortable riding posture from sunrise to sunset.

Conclusion

Whether you want to lose weight or go across the globe on your bike, making a good option for your bike is critical. Both road bikes and tour bikes are compatible for their different activities, which you should be aware of while deciding which to use for your particular purpose.

Road bikes are appropriate since they are intended to be used on flat terrain. Road bikes can be ridden as quickly as possible because their producers prepare them with lightweight materials to increase their overall speed. Their handles are slightly curved towards the ground to provide you with aerodynamic assistance, which allows them to be as quick as you desire.

In case you like traveling and seeing new places, purchasing a bike with appropriate tires might help you be more maneuverable. A touring bike can maintain a firm grip on any surface and provide a terrific experience while exploring new areas.